Review sách Nỗi đau của tội ác – José Saramago

Review Sách Nỗi đau Của Tội ác - José Saramago

Review Sách Nỗi đau Của Tội ác - José Saramago


Discover the literary mastermind behind the book 'Nỗi đau của tội ác'
Discover the literary mastermind behind the book ‘Nỗi đau của tội ác’

Have you ever read a book that left you feeling haunted and inspired all at once? That’s the experience I had when reading “Nỗi đau của tội ác” by José Saramago. Saramago was a Nobel Prize-winning author who left an indelible mark on the literary world with his unique writing style and thought-provoking themes. In this article, we’ll explore his book “Nỗi đau của tội ác” and why it’s worth reviewing.

Book reviews have always been an essential part of literary criticism. They provide readers with an insight into the author’s writing style, the plot, and the characters, helping them make informed decisions about whether to read the book or not. A good book review goes beyond summarizing the story; it delves into the themes and motifs, provides a critical analysis, and offers a personal opinion.

The purpose of this article is to provide an in-depth review of “Nỗi đau của tội ác” by José Saramago. We’ll explore the background of the book, the plot, the characters, and any criticisms or controversies surrounding it. By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of why this book is worth your time and why it’s a must-read for any literary enthusiast.

Background Information

Unravel the intricate plot of 'Nỗi đau của tội ác' with this must-read
Unravel the intricate plot of ‘Nỗi đau của tội ác’ with this must-read

José Saramago’s Literary Career

José Saramago was a Portuguese writer and journalist who rose to fame in the late 20th century. He was born in 1922 in the small village of Azinhaga, Portugal, and went on to become one of the most celebrated writers of his time. Saramago’s writing style was characterized by his use of long sentences and lack of punctuation, which gave his books a unique flow and rhythm.

Saramago wrote numerous novels, essays, and plays throughout his career. He was known for his ability to blend elements of fantasy and realism seamlessly, creating stories that were both thought-provoking and engaging. Some of his most famous works include “Blindness,” “The Gospel According to Jesus Christ,” and of course, “Nỗi đau của tội ác.”

Overview of “Nỗi đau của tội ác”

“Nỗi đau của tội ác” (translated as “The Double”) is a novel written by José Saramago in 2002. The book tells the story of a man named Tertuliano Máximo Afonso, a history teacher who discovers that he has a doppelganger. The novel explores themes of identity, individuality, and the human condition.

Saramago’s writing style is particularly evident in “Nỗi đau của tội ác.” The book is written in long, flowing paragraphs without any quotation marks, making it a challenging read for some. However, the book’s unique style and thought-provoking themes have made it a favorite among literary enthusiasts.

Historical Context of the Book

“Nỗi đau của tội ác” was written in 2002, a time when Portugal was going through significant social and political changes. The country had recently joined the European Union, and there was a growing sense of globalization and interconnectedness. Saramago’s book reflects this shifting landscape, exploring the idea of identity and individuality in a world that is becoming increasingly homogenized. The book’s themes and motifs are still relevant today, making it a timeless piece of literature.

Plot Summary

Escape into the pages of 'Nỗi đau của tội ác' with a warm cup of coffee by your side
Escape into the pages of ‘Nỗi đau của tội ác’ with a warm cup of coffee by your side

A Brief Overview

“Nỗi đau của tội ác” is a philosophical novel that explores the nature of evil and its impact on society. The book is set in an unnamed country where a wave of unexplained deaths has occurred. The protagonist, José, is a lonely bachelor who works in an archives department. When he discovers a file relating to the deaths, he becomes embroiled in a conspiracy that threatens to consume him.

Key Themes and Motifs

One of the primary themes of the book is the nature of evil. Saramago explores the idea that evil is not inherent in people but is instead a result of social and political systems. He also examines the idea that evil can be both personal and collective, with individuals and society as a whole responsible for perpetuating it.

Another significant theme is the power of bureaucracy. Throughout the book, Saramago highlights the absurdity and inefficiency of bureaucratic systems, showing how they can be used to manipulate and control people.

Analysis of the Writing Style

Saramago’s writing style is distinctive, characterized by long, complex sentences and a lack of conventional punctuation. He also employs a unique narrative technique, including dialogue without quotation marks or paragraph breaks, making the book challenging to read at times.

Despite the unconventional style, Saramago’s writing is engaging and thought-provoking. He uses allegory and symbolism to great effect, creating a rich and immersive world that draws the reader in. Overall, the writing style and narrative technique complement the themes of the book, making “Nỗi đau của tội ác” a unique and unforgettable reading experience.


Analysis of the Main Characters

One of the strengths of “Nỗi đau của tội ác” is its well-developed characters. Saramago’s characters are complex individuals with flaws and virtues, making them relatable to readers. The two main characters in the book are the inspector and the priest.

The inspector is a pragmatic and rational man who is determined to solve the mystery of the murders. He’s a foil to the priest, who is a devout believer struggling with his faith and guilt. The contrast between the two characters highlights the conflict between reason and faith, a central theme of the book.

Their Roles in the Book

The inspector and the priest play significant roles in the book. The inspector is the protagonist, and the story revolves around his investigation into the murders. His character provides a rational and objective perspective on the events, making him relatable to readers who value logic and reason.

The priest, on the other hand, provides a spiritual perspective on the events. He’s a symbol of the Church’s power and influence in society, and his struggle with his faith reflects the larger conflict between religion and reason. His character adds depth to the story and raises important questions about the role of religion in a secular society.

How They Contribute to the Overall Storyline

The inspector and the priest’s characters contribute to the overall storyline by providing different perspectives on the events. The inspector’s investigation provides a logical and rational explanation for the murders, while the priest’s struggle with his faith adds a spiritual dimension to the story.

Their characters also represent larger themes in the book. The inspector represents reason and rationality, while the priest represents faith and spirituality. Their conflict highlights the larger conflict between religion and reason, a central theme of the book.

Overall, Saramago’s well-developed characters add depth and complexity to the story and make it a compelling read for anyone interested in exploring the human condition.


In conclusion, “Nỗi đau của tội ác” by José Saramago is a hauntingly beautiful book that explores the complexities of human nature, justice, and morality. Saramago’s writing style is unique, and his use of long, winding sentences and lack of punctuation may take some getting used to, but it’s worth it. The book is thought-provoking and will leave you pondering its themes long after you finish reading.

The critical reception of the book has been overwhelmingly positive, with reviewers praising Saramago’s masterful storytelling and the depth of his characters. However, there have been some criticisms of the book, primarily for its challenging writing style and the lack of clarity in some parts.

Despite any criticisms or controversies surrounding the book, “Nỗi đau của tội ác” is a must-read for any literary enthusiast. It’s a book that will make you question your beliefs and leave you with a newfound appreciation for the complexities of human nature. So, pick up a copy of the book, sit back, and let Saramago take you on a journey you won’t forget.

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